Feudor Mikhailovich Stukoshin (1914-1974) — a Soviet Kyrgyz painter and teacher, a member of the USSR Union of Painters since 1949. Born on February 18, 1914 in Razrytoe village, Smolensk Region. In 1936 he graduated with honors from Omsk Art and Pedagogical College named after M. A. Vrubel, whose style was closely associated with traditions of realism, going back to the aesthetic program of the most democratic wing of exhibition association called Union of Russian Painters established in 1903. It was initiated by former participants of World of Art exhibitions. Participants of the Union’s first exhibitions were M. A. Vrubel, V. E. Borisov-Musatov, V. A. Serov. Creative area of the Union was determined by graduates from Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. In these area depths Savrasov and Levitan’s line of Russian landscape painting continued to develop. Russian version of painting impressionism was formed there. Creativity of Polenov, Kasatkin, Arkhipov, Grabar, Korovin, Turzhanskiy, Krymov and other masters, largely determined the artistic orientation and aesthetic program of the school where F. M. Stukoshin was hardened into a professional. His teachers at the painting department were V. P. Trofimov and S. Ya. Feldman. After graduation of college Stukoshin worked as a painter in Omsk Theater, was involved in stagecraft, creating costumes and scenery for drama performances. In 1940 he moved to live and work to Frunze, Kyrgyzstan (before 1990 - Kirghizia, one of 15 republics of the USSR). He participated in the Great Patriotic War, fought in the legendary Panfilov division. For military merits he was awarded the Red Star Order and medals. Since 1945 he was a constant participant of major republican and all-union exhibitions. He participated in decades of Kyrgyz art in Moscow. He had organized a number of solo exhibitions since 1960. He entered the history of art in Kyrgyzstan as one of the leading painters of postwar period.
Feudor Stukoshin is a master of plain-air, the basis of his creativity is in close and deep study of the nature, coming back to traditions of Russian impressionism. Color freshness, poetry and vividness of images in pictures, written, it seems, in one breath; create a bright individuality of the painter. Area of Stukoshin’s creativity is unusually wide: in all genres of painting, including historic and industrial ones, the painter left works included in golden fund of fine arts of Kyrgyzstan. Themed paintings and portraits of the Soviet working class representatives - metallurgists, steelworkers, miners, - having great artistic conviction and scenic attraction, accurately expressing the life of the republic of 1940-60s, are recognized as examples of social realism.
Painter was also concerned with the rural theme, work and life of villagers. One of the best work in the artist's creativity was the picture «On the Barn - Floor», 1949, painted after the war and immediately became famous and loved by the audience. Other famous paintings are «Meet the Winner», 1945, «Storyteller», 1948, «Railwaymen», 1951, «Female Carpet-Makers», 1959, «Red Beet Producers», 1960, «The Panfilov Division Members’ Oath», 1963, «The Panfilov Division Members’ Fighting at the Junction of Dubosekovo», 1963, «The City Is Built», 1967, «Veterans», 1969.
Feudor Stukoshin taught more than 20 years at Frunze Art School, made a great contribution to the formation and development of professional fine arts of Kyrgyzstan, trained a galaxy of talented painters. Works of F. M. Stukoshin are permanently exhibited in Kyrgyz National Museum of Fine Arts named after G. Aitiev (KNMFA), stored in Omsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts named after M. A. Vrubel, in galleries and private collections in Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Israel, Japan, Germany, Great Britain and the United States of America.
References: (Publications, articles, catalogs)
- Portraits of the Masters of Professional Art of Kyrgyzstan. J. Umetalieva, L. A. Prytkova. Bishkek. 2010 ISBN 978-9967-444-22-5
- Fine Arts in Kyrgyzstan. Catalog. AUB Project. Bishkek, 2007 ISBN 978-9967-24-187-9
- A Story of Feudor Stukoshin - Painter and Teacher. L. A. Prytkova. Kurak. Almanac / Art and Culture /. 2000
- Art Culture of Kyrgyzstan in XX century: Development of Creative Individuality. Research Thesis. L. A. Prytkova. 1999
- Creative Individuality in the Development of Fine Arts in Kyrgyzstan. L. A. Prytkova. Thesis. 1996
- Major Trends in Painting, Drawing and Sculpture of Kyrgyzstan in 1961 – 1990. T. I. Staruseva, G. Kurmanova
- Soviet Portraiture of 1930s - Late 1950s. L. S. Zinger. 1989
- Fine Arts of Kyrgyzstan. Editorial Board: T. Sadykov et al.; Edited by A. A. Saliev. Frunze. 1987
- Kyrgyz State Museum of Fine Arts: Album. Editorial Board: K. N. Usubaliev et al. Frunze. 1985
- Painters of Soviet Kirghizia: (Collected works) T.S. Sadykov, L. A. Prytkova. Frunze. 1982
- Landscape in Fine Art of Kyrgyzstan: Painting. (Catalog) O. P. Popova. Frunze. 1982
- Feudor Mikhailovich Stukoshin: Catalog of Personal Exhibition / Introduction Article by L.A. Prytkova. Frunze. 1976
- Feudor Stukoshin. L. A. Prytkova. Article to the Catalog of Personal Exhibition. - Frunze. 1975
- Fine Arts of the Kirghiz SSR: Painting, Sculpture, and Drawing. O. P. Popova. 1974
- Kyrgyz State Museum of Fine Arts: Album of Reproductions. D. Oreshkin. Frunze. 1972
- Kyrgyz Genre Painting. Catalog. J. Umetalieva. Frunze. 1970
- Women of Kirghizia in the Works of Painters of the Kirghiz SSR. Album, 1967
- Feudor Mikhailovich Stukoshin: Catalog of Personal Exhibition. D. Oreshkin. Frunze. 1964
- Kirghiz Museum of Fine Arts: Catalog (Introduction Article by D. Oreshkin). Frunze, 1958
- Fine Arts of the Kirghiz SSR. S. B. Volosovych. Moscow. 1957